Data visualisation is a means of taking data from a spreadsheet or database and making it easy to read, interpret and understand by turning that data into images, graphs and diagrams.
By visualising data we can shape it into narratives, or stories.
Before beginning your visualisation, consider who your intended audience is. This will guide your design process, so you should only include visual elements which align to that audience.
You could be making a visualisation for:
For example, visualisations for a public audience you would keep simple and clear, whereas as visualisations aimed at an academic audience may include technical language or concepts aligned to that field.
Different types of Data Visualisations. (Image: Michelle Borkin, Harvard SEAS)
Data visualisations come in all forms and sizes, and depending on your audience and how creative you want to get, there are many options. Below are links to websites covering the various types of data visualisations.