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Information Technology: Referencing for IT

This guide contains resources and guidance to help students studying Computer Science and Information Systems.

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As IT students, you will be using the APA 7th referencing style

Why do we reference?


At university you are expected to reference information sources used in your assignments. Referencing is important as it:

  • gives credit to authors
  • shows that you’ve done your research  
  • means that others can find the resources you have used .

APA 7th Referencing Guide


For help on how to reference using APA 7th style, have a look at our comprehensive referencing guide.

You can open it in a new page and download it by clicking the link below.

Referencing Videos

Useful Sections

Here are some common types of sources you will need to reference as an IT student:

Journal Articles (Section 2.01)

Conference papers (Section 7.07)

Tip: Conference papers or proceedings that have been published in a journal or book should be referenced as journal articles or chapters in an edited book.

Chapter in an edited book (Section 1.10)

Standards (Section 5.08)

Statistics (Section 7.01)

Reports (Section 7.01)

Patents (Section 5.07)

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As IT students, you may also be asked to use the IEEE referencing style


IEEE Referencing Guide

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style is a numbered referencing system, and widely used in technical fields, particularly in computer science. IEEE style uses citation numbers in the text of the paper, provided in square brackets. A full corresponding references are listed at the end of the paper and sorted by citation numbers. The IEEE Reference Guide outlines how to cite a variety of references in IEEE style.

Watch the video below for a demonstration of how to create in-text references and a reference list in IEEE referencing style.

Referencing Software


UTS Library supports RefWorks and EndNote.


RefWorks is a cloud-based reference manager that can assist your referencing. It can be used to create reference lists and in-text citations. We recommend this to undergraduate students. 


EndNote is suitable for researchers and can be a helpful tool when undertaking a scoping or literature review.

To learn more about EndNote, visit the Library pages linked below, have a look at our EndNote videos and sign up for our EndNote workshops!