The purpose of a case citation is to provide sufficient information so that the cited case can be located. It performs the same task as referencing in general - that is, to identify a source of information. However, a case citation is very abbreviated.
|Types of case reports||Components of case citations|
(Medium Neutral Citation)
Here are examples of what a reported case citation looks like:
Green v The King (1949) 79 CLR 353.
R v Petronius-Kuff  3 NSWLR 178.
Now, let's break down the citations according to citation components:
|Case Name||Green v The King||R v Petronius-Kuff|
|Law Report Series||CLR||NSWLR|
The case name contains the parties involved in the case and is always in italics.
The year of the judgment can be in either round or square brackets.
Round brackets indicate that the law report series is arranged by volume number. Eg: Green v The King (1949) 79 CLR 353.
Square brackets indicate that the law report series is arranged by year. Square bracket citations may not necessarily have a volume number. Eg: R v Petronius-Kuff  3 NSWLR 178.
CLR stands for Commonwealth Law Reports. NSWLR stands for New South Wales Law Reports.
This is a format for citing unreported cases since they became available online only, from approximately 1999 onwards.
Medium neutral citations should only be used where a court or a tribunal itself allocates the medium neutral citation.
See the Australian Guide to Legal Citation (AGLC), Appendix B, pages 328-332 for a comprehensive list of Australian medium neutral unique court and tribunal identifiers.
Here is an example of a Medium Neutral Citation:
Work Health Authority v Outback Ballooning  HCA 2.
|Case Name||Work Health Authority v Outback Ballooning|
Judgment Year: The judgment year is always in square brackets.
Court Identifier: HCA stands for High Court of Australia (court names are always abbreviated in medium neutral citations).
Judgment Number: 2 (allocated by the court, this is the second judgment of the High Court in 2019). In Medium Neutral Citations, judgments are arranged by judgment number, not by page.
Pinpoints must refer to paragraph numbers (because there are no page numbers), and be in square brackets. With a pinpoint to paragraph 3 this medium neutral citation would be:
Work Health Authority v Outback Ballooning  HCA 2, .