At university you are expected to find and use scholarly information:
However, to find scholarly information you need to search with a strategy to get good results.
A search strategy is an organized structure of search terms that can help find relevant resources for a topic. An effective search strategy involves the following 5 steps.
Before you find any information, identify the main ideas (or key concepts) in your assignment question or research topic.
The key concepts are:
Different words can be used to describe the same concept.
Think of other words that could be used to describe your key concepts. Synonyms should also be included.
Torres Strait Islander Peoples
First Nations peoples
Boolean Operators are words that connect search terms (keywords) to perform a search that a database can understand. ‘AND’ and ‘OR’ are commonly used Boolean Operators.
AND finds results that use both keywords. Use it to connect key concepts.
OR finds results that use either of the keywords. Use it to connect synonyms/alternative words.
Watch this short video and understand more about Boolean Operators.
Use OR to combine synonyms & similar words:
|(Indigenous OR Aboriginal)
Use AND to combine your key concepts together:
(Indigenous OR Aboriginal) AND sustainability AND (worldview OR knowledge)
Phrase searching and truncation can also be helpful!
Use “ “ to do phrase searching. It narrows the search to retrieve results in which the exact phrase appears, e.g. "Torres Strait Islander Peoples"
Use * at the end of a root word to search for variable endings of a root word, e.g. environment* can find environment, environmental, and environmentalism.
You now have the keywords, synonyms, and connectors. You can build effective searches according to the previous steps.
Note: Searching is exploring. You need to modify your searches as well as try different searches until you get relevant results.
The Library Catalogue is a good place to start your search. You can find many different information types in one search.
Not all the information you get from a search will be useful. A successful search will show results relevant to your topic. If your results are not relevant go back and try different keywords in your search.
Find relevant results by checking the:
Even if your information is relevant, it might not be good quality. Check if it passes the C.R.A.P. Test before you use it.
NOTE: if you are searching for Indigenous perspectives, make sure to add another layer of evaluation to the A for Authority. Ask yourself, does the author identify as an Indigenous person? Do they have the authority to share this knowledge?